The Basics of Plumbing

Plumbing is the process of conveying fluids for a variety of applications. It includes the use of pipes, valves, fixtures, and tanks. It also includes the use of PBT and PEX tubing. If you’re interested in learning more about the process, then read on Boulder Plumber & Sons.


Wooden pipes for plumbing are sometimes found on construction sites. Some are kept for historical reasons, while others are repurposed for future uses. A few of these repurposed pipes have been discovered in a city’s archives. One of these pipes has even been unearthed.

One of the earliest forms of wooden pipe is the stave pipe, which is made up of staves of wood. The staves are about twelve to forty-eight inches long and two to ten inches in diameter. They are then joined by a smaller wood tube that bisects the center of the logs.

Another type of wood pipe is the water pipe, which was made of hollowed-out logs. This type of pipe had a socket on one end and a spigot on the other. It was commonly used to deliver water for power and domestic purposes.

Wooden pipes for plumbing were an inexpensive and efficient way to transfer water, and they were rot-resistant. However, their lifespan was relatively short. Eventually, cities switched to cast iron pipes, which were cheaper and stronger.

PVC pipes for plumbing are durable and easy to install. They are also considered safe for most uses. Nevertheless, it is important to check with your local municipal office for the proper permits.

If you need to install PVC pipe, it is best to take your time. It is also a good idea to document your progress.

PVC joints are resistant to corrosion and have low heat conductivity. In addition, they can handle water, household chemicals, and drainage.

PVC is a food-safe plastic that can be made rigid or flexible. It is widely used in residential and industrial water supply systems. This material is also very lightweight and is considered non-toxic.

However, the material can degrade with exposure to sunlight. Also, it is not advisable to use PVC to transport hot water or gas.

The most common piping materials are PEX and CPVC. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Aside from having different properties, each can affect the quality and taste of the water.

PVC is an excellent choice for water distribution in cold or unheated applications. PVC is also good for irrigation and sewer pump mains.

Besides, the smooth surface of the pipe makes it resistant to bacterial contamination. As a result, it can be used for agricultural and industrial plumbing.

PVC is also a popular choice for venting, waste control, and sewage handling. Compared to metal pipes, PVC is much easier to bend.

PEX, or cross-linked polyethylene, is a type of flexible tubing commonly used in plumbing. There are three primary types of PEX: PEX A, B, and C. All of these tubing types are manufactured to meet the same ASTM standards. However, the types vary a bit in terms of resistance, cost, and flexibility.

PEX-A pipe has the best resistance to pressure and temperature. It also has the highest flexibility. The least resistance is found in PEX-B.

Although PEX is a newer type of piping, it has already become the standard in many plumbing systems. It is more versatile, easier to install, and more affordable than copper.

It is a non-barrier piping material that can carry cold water without the need for lead-based solder. While it does not offer the same insulation properties as copper, it does offer greater resistance to freezing and stress than PVC.

Since it is a flexible material, PEX plumbing pipe can be wound through floors, walls, and even around structural framing. However, it is not approved for use in petroleum storage tanks or hazardous waste sites.

It is easy to install PEX. Just push two matching parts together using a compression fitting, and it will create a seal. You may need a special tool to cut the connectors.

One of the most convenient and time-efficient ways to install PEX is to push-fit the pipe. This involves cutting a square hole in the end of the PEX tube. After you mark the depth of the pipe, sand down the rough edges of the cut. Once you’ve reached the desired depth, you simply click the connection.